عوامل تخریب‌کنندة دوستی در محل کار با رویکرد مردم‌نگاری

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی-پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای مدیریت بازرگانی، گروه مدیریت، دانشکدة علوم اداری و اقتصاد، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران.

2 استادیار، گروه مدیریت، دانشکدة علوم اداری و اقتصاد، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران.

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش، شناسایی عوامل تخریب­کنندة دوستی در محل کار است. نوع پژوهش، توسعه‌ای است و به منظور استخراج عوامل از روش کیفی به شیوة مردم­نگاری استفاده شده است. جامعة آماری پژوهش، یک یگان نظامی بزرگ است که به دلایل امنیتی از ذکر نام آن خودداری می­گردد. داده­های پژوهش توسط مصاحبه با 18 نفر از کارکنانی که دارای تجربة خدمتی بیش از 10 سال در سازمان مورد بررسی بوده و مایل به مصاحبه و گفتگو در این مورد بودند و مشاهدة تعاملات روزمرة کارکنان و نوشتن ویژگی این تعاملات توسط محقق که خود جزئی از جامعة مورد بررسی است، جمع­آوری گردید. داده­های مصاحبه با توجه به حجم نمونه به اشباع نظری رسید. تحلیل داده­های گردآوری شده با رویکرد تحلیل تماتیک براون و کلارک (2006) انجام گرفت. پس از تحلیل اولیة داده­ها، 3۶ کد اولیه به دست آمد که در سه عامل کلی فردی با 1۴ کد و دو زیرتم، سازمانی با ۱۹ کد و 6 زیرتم و برون­سازمانی با 3 کد و یک زیرتم، دسته­بندی گردید. سپس به توصیف ضخیم عوامل تخریب­کنندة دوستی در محل کار پرداخته شده و سه متغیر عوامل فردی، سازمانی و برون­سازمانی استخراج و ارائه گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

An Ethnography Approach to Workplace Friendship Deterioration Factors

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nabi Allah Kohan 1
  • Ali Safari 2
  • Hadi Teimouri 2
1 Ph.D. Candidate in Business Management, Department of Management, Faculty of Administrative and Economics, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor of Management, Faculty of administrative and Economic Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study is identifying factors affecting workplace friendship deterioration. The study type is developmental and in order to extract factors, ethnography methodology that is a qualitative method was used. The sample population is a military unit that for security issues, the name of that unit is not mentioned in this study. Data were selected via 18 military man interviews, having the tendency for dialogue and interview. Also the data selection was done observing the daily interaction of those employees for data collecting process and writing that interaction specification by the researcher being part of the sample. Data were saturated according to the sample size. The researcher is a member of under study population, therefore data collecting and observation was easy. Braun and Clarke (2006) thematic analysis was used for data analyzing. After initial analysis, 38 initial codes were generated. These codes were categorized to three general factors. These general factors were individual, organizational and extra-organizational factors. The individual factors have 14 codes and 2 sub-themes. The organizational factors have 19 codes and 3 sub-themes and the extra-organizational factors have 3 codes and 1 sub-theme. After thematic analysis, thick description was presented and the factors were extracted and presented. The factors have individual, organizational and extra-organizational variables.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Workplace friendship
  • Friendship deterioration
  • Ethnography
  • Thick description

منابع فارسی

دانایی فرد، حسن و زینب مظفری (1387)، «ارتقاء روایی و پایایی در پژوهش­های کیفی مدیریتی: تأملی بر استراتژی­های ممیزی پژوهشی»، پژوهش­های مدیریت، سال اول، شمارة 1، 162-131.

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