تبیین اولویت‌های تشویقی کارکنان: آیا تفاوتی بین بخش خصوصی و دولتی وجود دارد

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی-پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری مدیریت دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

2 استاد دانشکده مدیریت دانشگاه تربیت مدرس(نویسنده مسئول)

3 استاد دانشکده مدیریت دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

4 دانشیار دانشکده مدیریت دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

چکیده

بر سر تفاوت‌های ذاتی و عَرضی سازمان‌های بخش دولتی و خصوصی بحث و جدل‌های فراوانی وجود دارد، زیرا مطالعات موجود همچنان به اجماعی کامل در باب شباهت‌ها و تفاوت‌های این دو بخش نائل نشده‌اند؛ از این رو مطالعات فعلی بر سه رویکرد کلی استوار است: 1-رویکرد سیاسی 2-رویکرد عمومی و 3-رویکرد حرفه‌ای. بر این اساس پژوهش حاضر درصدد آزمون تفاوت بین دو بخش دولتی و خصوصی بر اساس نوع اولویت‌های کارکنان به مشوق‌ها(مالی/غیرمالی، انگیزش درونی، محیط اجتماعی و حمایتی) است. داده‌های پژوهش با استفاده از پرسشنامه استاندارد گردآوری شد. بیش از 1300 پرسشنامه توزیع و در نهایت تعداد 1021 پرسشنامه (519 پرسشنامه از بخش خصوصی و 512 بخش دولتی) در تجزیه و تحلیل نهایی به کار گرفته شد. نتایج نشان داد دیدگاه کارکنان بخش دولتی و خصوصی در خصوص اولویت‌دهی به مشوق‌های مالی، انگیزش درونی و محیط کاری و اجتماعی حمایتی تفاوت معنادار ندارد. در زمینه تأثیر متغیرهای جمعیت‌شناختی بر متغیرهای وابسته، زنان و افراد با تجربه‌تر اولویت بیشتری به توسعه خود و محیط کاری و اجتماعی حمایتی در هر دو بخش قائل شدند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Explaining The Incentive Preferences of Employees: Is There a Difference between Public and Private Sector

نویسندگان [English]

  • Roghayeh Abdali 1
  • Ahmad ali Khaef elahi 2
  • Hasan Danayi fard 3
  • Parviz Ahmadi 4
1 Phd. in Managment, Tarbiat Modares University
2 Full professor of Managment Faculy, Tarbiat Modares University(corresponding author)
3 Full Professor of Managment Faculty, Tarbiat Mdaress University
4 Associate professor of Managment Faculty, Tarbiat Modaress University
چکیده [English]

There is a lot of controversy with regard to essential and accidental differences of public and private sector organizations, because the current studies have not yet achieved consensus on the similarities and differences between these two sectors. In this regard, the current studies are based on three main approaches: 1) political approach, 2) generic approach, 3) professional approach. Accordingly, this study is to explore incentive preferences of employees (including financial/non-financial incentives, intrinsic motivation, supportive and social atmosphere) in public and private sectors. Data were collected using a standard questionnaire. More than 1,300 questionnaires were distributed and in the end, 1021 questionnaires (519 questionnaires from private sector and 512 from public sector) were used in the final analysis. The results found no significant difference in the viewpoints of public and private sector employees about giving priority to financial incentives, self-development (intrinsic motivation) and supportive and social atmosphere. About the effect of demographic variables on dependent variables, the women and older people gave higher priority to self-development and supportive and social atmospheres.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • motivation
  • development
  • private organization
  • public organization
  • incentive

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