عنوان مقاله [English]
Organizational commitment is one of the organizational attitudes that have always been of interest to behavioral sciences and management researchers because of its impact on important behavioral outcomes such as absenteeism, turnover and delay. Since the 1960s, from a single–level viewpoint, the influence of several factors, including job factors, demographic factors and structural factors, on organizational commitment has been studied; but the impact of behavioral variables on organizational commitment offered in a single model with a multilevel approach has received less attention. By adopting multilevel approach, this research has examined the impact of perceived organizational support, perceived organizational esteem and participation in decision making on organizational commitment in a cross – level model. Data was obtained from 461 faculty members of Tehran universities and was analyzed using HLM software version 6.08. The results indicate that the faculty’s perceived organizational support and perceived organizational esteem affect organizational commitment positively. In addition, the faculty’s participation in decision making has both a directly positive effect on organizational commitment, and a positively moderating effect on the relationship between perceived organizational support and organizational commitment as well as the relationship between perceived organizational esteem and commitment.
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