مدلی میان‌سطحی برای تبیین ارتباط ادراک از حمایت سازمانی، ادراک از احترام سازمانی و مشارکت در تصمیم‌گیری با تعهد سازمانی؛ مطالعه موردی: اعضای هیئت علمی دانشگاه‌های تهران

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی-پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

2 استاد دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

3 دکترای مدیریت منابع انسانی، دانشکده مدیریت دانشگاه تهران (پردیس قم)

چکیده

تعهد سازمانی، یکی از نگرش‌های سازمانی است که به دلیل تأثیر آن در پیامدهای مهم رفتاری، چون غیبت، تأخیر و ترک خدمت، همواره مورد علاقه محققان علوم رفتاری و مدیریت بوده است. از دهه 1960 تاکنون، تأثیر متغیرهای مختلفی از جمله متغیرهای شغلی، جمعیت‌شناختی و ساختاری در تعهد سازمانی با نگاه تک‌سطحی بررسی شده اما به اثر متغیرهای رفتاری در تعهد سازمانی در قالب مدل و با رویکرد چندسطحی، کمتر توجه شده است. در این تحقیق، تأثیر متغیرهای ادراک از حمایت سازمانی، ادراک از احترام سازمانی و مشارکت در تصمیم‌گیری در تعهد سازمانی با رویکردی چندسطحی و در قالب مدلی میان‌سطحی، بررسی شده است. نمونه تحقیق، شامل 461 نفر از اعضای هیئت‌های علمی دانشگاه‌های تهران بوده است. جهت بررسی فرضیات میان‌سطحی، از نسخه 80/6 نرم‌افزار HLM استفاده شده است. نتایج تحقیق نشان می‌دهد ادراک اعضای هیئت علمی، از حمایت و احترام سازمانی بر تعهد سازمانی آنان، اثر مثبت دارد. همچنین، مشارکت اعضای هیئت علمی در تصمیم‌گیری‌ها، هم دارای تأثیر مثبت مستقیم در تعهد سازمانی و هم دارای تأثیر مثبت تعدیل‌کننده در رابطه بین ادراک از حمایت سازمانی و تعهد سازمانی و نیز رابطه بین ادراک از احترام سازمانی و تعهد سازمانی آنان است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Cross-Level Model of Organizational Commitment Antecedents; Examining the Relationship between Perceived Organizational Support, Perceived Organizational Esteem, Participation in Decision Making and Organizational Commitment; Case study: Faculty Members of Tehran Universities

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abbasali Hajikarimi 1
  • Ali Rezaeian 2
  • Akbar Alam Tabriz 1
  • Morteza Soltani 3
1 Associate Professor of Management, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran
2 Professor of Management, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran
3 PhD of of HRM, Tehran University, College of Qom, Qom
چکیده [English]

Organizational commitment is one of the organizational attitudes that have always been of interest to behavioral sciences and management researchers because of its impact on important behavioral outcomes such as absenteeism, turnover and delay.  Since the 1960s, from a single–level viewpoint, the influence of several factors, including job factors, demographic factors and structural factors, on organizational commitment has been studied; but the impact of behavioral variables on organizational commitment offered in a single model with a multilevel approach has received less attention. By adopting multilevel approach, this research has examined the impact of perceived organizational support, perceived organizational esteem and participation in decision making on organizational commitment in a cross – level model. Data was obtained from 461 faculty members of Tehran universities and was analyzed using HLM software version 6.08. The results indicate that the faculty’s perceived organizational support and perceived organizational esteem affect organizational commitment positively. In addition, the faculty’s participation in decision making has both a directly positive effect on organizational commitment, and a positively moderating effect on the relationship between perceived organizational support and organizational commitment as well as the relationship between perceived organizational esteem and commitment.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • multilevel approach
  • cross-level model
  • perceived organizational support
  • perceived organizational esteem
  • participation in decision making
  • organizational commitment
  • affective commitment

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